Okt. Wer zum ersten Mal in Paris ist, fragt sich nicht nur, was unbedingt aufs Programm gehört, sondern auch: was man besser vermeiden sollte. Wirklich gefährlich ist es in Paris nirgendwo Aber Paris ist nun mal eine Großstadt und wie in jeder Großstadt gibt es leider auch einige Gegenden, die man. 5. Mai Die Bloggerin Denise von Touristen in Paris verrät Dir 20 Dinge, die Du für Fahrradfahrer manchmal ganz schön gefährlich werden kann, vor. This event has been added to your Plans. Over the next several centuries Paris expanded onto the right bank into what was and is still called le Hinterseer köln The Marsh. See all posters The tickets can be purchased at newspaper stands, at ticket machines, or from the driver for a higher price and they need to be validated with a device next to the driver's seat. A few years ago Paris wasn't the easiest place to get around by bike but that has changed dramatically in recent years. Unlike most language education tapes, French 200 bonus online casino often speak fast, use slang qt public slots swallow some letters. Eigentlich wollte ich mir dort in der Nähe ein Hotel suchen z. Sign Beste Spielothek in Krostitz-Lehelitz finden as an artist. Ist es durch die erhöhte Polizeipräsenz sicherer? Retrieved August 3,
Paris gefährlich -Ihr eurem Fall ist das kein Problem, du kannst den Pass schon am Sonntagsabend kaufen und für die Woche ab Montag auflanden. Bin ein wenig verunsichert, weil das ja schon nahe der Stadtautobahn ist. Paris wird jedes Jahr von 32 Millionen Touristen besucht und die ziehen natürlich auch zahlreiche Betrüger an. Ist es eher gefährlich oder ganz harmlos? Haben noch nie so dreckige Metrostationen mit abgeklopften Fliesen gesehen, die zum Teil auch noch stark nach Urin stanken.
Imaging and lesion assessment was standardised. Histological findings were correlated with clinical and endoscopic findings. Cancer occurred in 3.
Conventional type dysplasia was more likely to exhibit an adenomatous pit pattern than serrated dysplasia. HGD or cancer was present in 7.
Although serrated polyps may be precursors of colorectal cancer CRC , prospective data on the longterm CRC risk in individuals with serrated polyps are lacking.
In a population-based randomised trial, 12 individuals aged 50—64 years were screened with flexible sigmoidoscopy, while 78 individuals comprised the control arm.
A total of individuals had large serrated polyps, of which 81 were included in the analyses. Nonadvanced adenomas were found in individuals, advanced adenomas in Median follow-up was A large serrated polyp was an independent risk factor for CRC, adjusted for histology, size and multiplicity of concomitant adenomas OR 3.
Twenty-three large serrated polyps found at screening were left in situ for a median of None developed into a malignant tumour.
Individuals with large serrated polyps have an increased risk of CRC, comparable with individuals with advanced adenomas. However, this risk may not be related to malignant growth of the serrated polyp.
Einzelne histopathologische Untersuchungen zeigen einen separaten Pathway zum Karzinom 1, 2 , offenbar auch mit Einzelbeschreibungen sehr aggressiver Karzinome 3, 4.
The city is best explored by foot, and some of the most marvellous memories you will have of Paris is walking through secret found places.
The nice thing about Paris is that at least inside the Boulevard Peripherique there are no unattractive areas like ugly housing or industrial sections to cross while going from one interesting district to another.
Keep your ticket or pass with you at all times as you may be checked. Strangely, there's no sign, audio or message written on the tickets or stations to inform you that it's obligatory to keep the ticket until you go out the metro.
You will be cited and forced to pay on the spot between euros, depending on the officer, they accept credit cards and usually won't speak english if you do not have a ticket.
Visitors with heavy luggage or handicap should find out in-advance about the facilities at each station to be used. Specific on-line information about elevators and escalators is hard to find.
You may have ask at ticket counters at major stations, perhaps tourist information kiosks. Getting to boarding platforms from street level, or going between platforms to change lines can be difficult even at major intersecting stations at most times, and everywhere during rush hours.
It usually involves walking up and down multiple flights of busy stairs. Elevators are seldom seen, many aren't working, and in major outlying stations any escalator will likely support only exiting to the street level.
If you have any lingering concern about station facilities, check bus routes and timings to find convenient bus service instead; failing that, use a taxi.
If you ask the locals about directions, they will answer something like: Certain lines, however, are operating at or near capacity, sometimes being so full that you'll have to let one or two trains pass before being able to board.
You can look up what these codes mean on information panels in the station, but the easiest and fastest way is often to check the information screens along the platforms.
However, both companies take the same tickets, so the difference is of little interest for most people except in case of strikes RATP may strike without SNCF doing so or the other way round.
Current fares can be found at their website. Basically, as you move farther from Paris into higher zones , tickets get more expensive.
The paper tickets that you receive from RATP Ticket Machines are very prone to being wiped or corrupted by mobile phones or other devices so be very careful.
If your ticket doesn't work then the ticket office may change them for you! The majority of machines do not take notes, only coins or European credit cards with a pin-encoded chip on the front.
Therefore, to use either euro bills or a non-European credit card with a magnetic stripe, it is necessary to make the purchase from the ticket window.
Be advised that some ticket vending machines do not give change, so use exact change or go to the ticket window. Some larger stations have secondary entrances, where there is no ticket booth.
These are labelled voyageurs avec billets passengers with tickets only. Be aware of ticket touts who used to stay near single vending machines, which have much higher rates for tickets, eg.
This means you have to use a new ticket if you transfer from Bus to Metro or vise versa. Once purchased, tickets do not expire. However , unlike the Navigo tickets, these are valid from the moment of purchase and not bound to fixed day of the week.
They may be usefully combined with weekly passes when you arrive, say, on Saturday. A one-day ticket, a weekly pass, and a monthly pass are also available.
The price varies according to the zones for which the ticket can be used. The Mobilis pass is only valid between For example, if you purchase a Mobilis ticket at midday, it is only valid to The Mobilis pass is worth 5 tickets from a carnet, or 4 single tickets, therefore can be a good value pass for frequent travellers.
For travellers under the age of 26, there is a special ticket Jeunes 26 that you can purchase for use on the weekends or holidays. The Navigo pass is non-transferrable and requires the user to provide information on the pass after the sale.
You have to choose at least two of the contiguous "zones": Everything related to a "Navigo" pass is in purple like the target for the pass in the turnstiles.
It might look like a lot of money, but the monthly all-zones pass might be economical even for a two week-stay because it covers airport access.
You can take the RER A and save a few minutes , but you have to pay an additional fare, because even though you arrive at the same station, the RER exit is supposed to be outside of Paris!
So be careful as there are usually a lot of ticket examiners present when you get off the RER A. Renting a bike is a very good alternative over driving or using public transport and an excellent way to see the sights.
Riding a bike anywhere in the city is far safer for the moderately experienced cyclists than most towns or cities in other countries.
The French are very cognisant of cyclists, almost to a point of reverence. A few years ago Paris wasn't the easiest place to get around by bike but that has changed dramatically in recent years.
The city government has taken a number of steps in strong support of improving the safety and efficiency of the urban cyclist as well as establishing some separated bike lanes but, even more importantly, instituted a policy of allowing cyclists to share the ample bus lanes on most major boulevards.
Paris also has many riversides which are perfect for cycling. The Paris bike network now counts over km of either unique or shared lanes for the cyclist.
In addition, the narrower, medieval side streets of the central arrondissements make for rather scenic and leisurely cycling, especially during off-peak hours of the day when traffic is lighter.
Do remember to bring a good map, since there is no grid plan to speak of and almost all of the smaller streets are one-way.
You can find here a map for a 12km route along the Seine using velibs. While the streets of Paris are generally fairly easy on novice cyclists, there are some streets in the city that should be avoided by those who do not have experience cycling in traffic and the proper mentality for dealing with it.
While most of these do have cycle lanes, "sharrows," or other such accommodations, the sheer volume of traffic means that it may be a better idea to take an alternate route through the side streets.
If you find yourself on one of these routes, stick to the bike lanes whenever possible. Bus and taxi traffic will be particularly thick in these areas and certain streets may be reserved just for them, so stay alert.
There are a few portions of the city that you probably should not cycle unless you are very confident in your abilities to ride in an urban environment.
The area around 'Place de la Bataille de Stalingrad' is well-provisioned with bike lanes, but they are somewhat haphazardly laid out and traffic is very heavy.
These will all be marked with a sign showing a bicycle on a white background, surrounded by a red circle. A bus ride is also interesting if you want to see more of the city.
The Parisian bus system is quite tourist-friendly. These same payment devices are also valid in the Noctilien , the night bus.
Noctilien route numbers are prefaced with an N on the bus stop signage. Night buses run regularly through the central hub at Chatelet and from the mainline train stations to outlying areas of greater Paris.
There is also a circle line connecting the main train stations. Women travellers should probably avoid taking the Noctilien on their own to destinations outside Paris.
When boarding the bus, you'll have to validate your ticket. If you have a Navigo pass, simply hold it up to one of the purple scanners usually on a pole near the door and wait for the tone and the green light.
If you're using a single-ride ticket, look for the ticket validating machine, a roughly shoebox-sized device with a few lights on top and a slit for the ticket at the bottom.
Insert your ticket in the slot, and wait for it to stamp it and spit it back out. Check for the time stamp, in case the printer is out of ink.
All-day tickets only need to be validated once. However, you can transfer from bus to bus, or between the bus and the tram, within 90 minutes of validating the ticket.
Another option for travellers who want to see the sights of Paris without a stop on every street corner is the Paris L'Opentour Bus , an open-topped double decker bus that supplies headsets with the most up to date information on the attractions in Paris.
Your ticket is good for four routes ranging in time from h. Get off when you want, stay as long as you need, get back on the bus and head for another site.
You can purchase tickets at the bus stop. Taxis are cheaper at night when there are no traffic jams to be expected. There are not as many taxi cabs as one would expect, and sometimes finding a taxi can be challenging.
In the daytime, it is not always a good idea to take a taxi, as walking or taking the metro See: If you know you will need one to get to the airport, or to a meeting, it is wise to book ahead by phone see below.
Remember if a taxi is near a taxi stand, they're not supposed to pick you up except at the stand where there may be other people in line ahead of you.
Taxi stands are usually near train stations, big hotels, hospitals, major intersections, and other points of interest, and are marked with a blue and white "TAXI" sign.
To stop a taxi Same thing with the coloured signs the two systems exist in Paris, but it tells nothing about the company: There are a number of services by which you can call for taxis or make a reservation in advance.
The two largest are Taxis G7 and Taxis Bleus:. As in many other cities a taxi can be difficult to stop; you may have to try several times.
When you do get a taxi to stop, the driver will usually roll down his window to ask you where you want to go. If the driver can't or doesn't want to go where you want, he might tell you that he's near the end of his work day and can't possibly get you where you want before he has to go off-duty.
Frequently the taxi driver will not want to drive you all the way to the doorstep, but will prefer to let you out a block or so away if there are one or more one-way streets to contend with.
Try to look at this as a cost-savings rather than an inconvenience. You should pay while still seated in the cab as in New York and not through the front window London style.
The driver will not let you sit in the front seat unless there are 3 or 4 of you, which is a rare case usually expedited by more money.
Taxi-drivers come in all types, some nice, some rude, some wanting to chat, some not. Smoking in taxis is generally not allowed, however it might be that the taxi driver himself wants a cigarette in which case the rule might become flexible.
To avoid bad surprises, make sure you download Taxibeat, a taxi hailing app available for iOS and Android that enables you to choose your taxi driver based on user ratings.
Unlike radio taxis, the service comes at no extra cost for passengers - but be aware of the approach fare, and drivers associated with Taxibeat tend to offer better value service.
Most speak fluent English, offer free Wi-Fi on board, etc. Many drivers prefer that you avoid using your mobile phone during the journey; if you do have to, make an apologizing gesture and sound, and do make a short call.
If for any reason you wish to file a complaint about a Paris taxi, take note of the taxi's number on the sticker on the lefthand back seat window.
If there isn't traffic it will be less expensive, but that is rare. The RER B or a bus is cheaper. Livery or Black Car or Limos- Known as car services or livery cabs, these cars may only be called by phone, are flat rate rather than metered ask for the fare before getting in , and are not allowed to cruise the street or airports for fares.
There are two types of licence: The Grande Remise cars have a GR on their front plate. They provide more service than a normal cab. There are several excellent boat services which make use of the Seine.
As well as providing easy, cheap transport to much of central Paris, excellent photo opportunities abound.
You can buy a day or 3 day ticket and hop on and off the boat as needed. The boats take a circular route from the Eiffel Tower, down past the Louvre, Notre Dame, botanical gardens then back up the other bank past Musee D'orsay.
Batobus offers a regular shuttle service between the main touristic sights closed in January ; other companies such as the famous Bateaux Mouches offer sightseeing cruises.
By taking one of these popular tours, you can also enjoy a romantic evening dinner on the Seine. It is a unique chance to enjoy the night sightseeing, with the lights of the Eiffel Tower and other monuments of Paris.
It's generally a very bad idea to rent a car to visit Paris. Traffic is very dense during the day, and finding street parking is exceedingly difficult in all but the most peripheral neighbourhoods of the city.
This is especially true in areas surrounding points of interest for visitors, since many of these are in areas designed long before cars existed.
A majority of Parisian households do not own cars, and many people who move to the city find themselves selling their cars within a month or two.
That said, driving may be an option for going to some sights in the suburbs such as Vaux-le-Vicomte castle or the town and chateau of Fontainebleau , or for travelling to other places in France.
You may prefer to rent from a location not situated in Paris proper. Traffic rules in Paris are basically the same as elsewhere in France, with the exception of having to yield to incoming traffic on roundabouts.
However, driving in dense traffic in Paris and suburbs during commute times, can be especially strenuous. Be prepared for traffic jams, cars changing lanes at short notice, and so on.
Another issue is pedestrians, who tend to fearlessly jaywalk more in Paris than in other French cities. Be prepared for pedestrians crossing the street on red, and expect similar adventurous behaviour from cyclists.
Remember that even if a pedestrian or cyclist crossed on red, if you hit him, you in fact, your insurance will have to bear civil responsibility for the damages, and possibly prosecution for failing to control your vehicle.
North American drivers should be warned that in nearly all of downtown Paris there are no lane markings to keep traffic in lines. People drive wherever there is a space and suddenly entering a large roundabout with 9 unmarked lanes of uncontrolled traffic with 13 entrances and exits can be a new experience in terror.
Use transit or stay outside the first ring road. Paris has several ring road systems. These are normal wide avenues, with traffic lights.
Directions If you find yourself lost in the streets, a good idea is to find the nearest Hotel and ask the concierge for directions.
Unlike the majority of Parisians, most concierges speak English well. A simple " Bonjour Monsieur, parlez-vous anglais? Paris is an incredibly open city, with its many 'grande boulevards' and monuments with large open spaces around them.
This makes for a city perfect to be explored and viewed from on a scooter. There are so many scooters in Paris, for so long, that when people learn to drive here they learn to drive amongst the scooters.
The French do drive quite fast, but they respect one another and it is rare that a driver will suddenly changes lanes or swing to the other side of the road without signalling.
When you're driving a scooter or motorbike in Paris you can expect to be able to 'lane-split' between the rows of cars waiting in traffic and go straight to the front of the lights.
For parking, there are plenty of 'Deux Roues' two wheel parking all over the city. Do be careful parking on the footpath though, especially on shopping streets or around smonument.
A few well-known Vespa Tour company propose scooter rentals and tours of Paris. It can be a good way to get a vision of the city in a day. Great thing to do if you just stay a few days in Paris:.
Paris is one of the best cities for skating. This is due to the large, smooth surfaces offered by both the pavements and the roads.
See our Do section below for more information. Still, bear in mind the historical aspect of Paris. Some surfaces might switch over to cobblestones, especially when entering junctions.
Also, some cycle lanes have raised dividers, seperating them from car lanes. These might be too narrow for skating, while joining the car lanes might also be unwise.
Any native French person will speak French and it helps if you can speak a bit of it. These workers tend to deal with thousands of foreign tourists, and responding in English is often faster than repeating themselves in French.
This is not the case for the rest of the city. Reading up Before you leave you may want to read a book like French or Foe by Polly Platt or Almost French by Sarah Turnbull — interesting, well written records from English speaking persons who live in France.
For most Parisians, English is something they had to study in school, and thus seems a bit of a chore.
People helping you out in English are making an extra effort, sometimes a considerable one. Parisians younger than 40 are more likely to be competent in English.
Immigrants, often working in service jobs, are less likely often, still struggling to learn French. If it's your first time in France you will have some problems understanding what people are saying even with prior education in French.
Unlike most language education tapes, French people often speak fast, use slang and swallow some letters.
When attempting to speak French, do not be offended if people ask you to repeat, or seem not to understand you, as they are not acting out of snobbery.
Keep your sense of humour, and if necessary, write down phrases or place names. And remember to speak slowly and clearly. Unless you have an advanced level and can at least sort of understand French movies, you should also assume that it will be difficult for people to understand what you are saying imagine someone speaking English to you in an indiscernible accent, it's all the same.
When in need of directions what you should do is this: Also, carry a map preferably Paris par Arrondissement ; given the complexity of Paris streets it is difficult to explain how to find any particular address in any language, no matter how well you speak it.
If anything, the person may have an idea as to the place you are looking for, but may not know exactly where it may be, so the map always helps.
If you speak French, remember two magic phrases: Note these are 'consecutive' days. You will still need to pay to enter most special exhibitions.
To avoid waiting in the first long queue to purchase the Museum Pass, stop to purchase your pass a day or more in advance after mid-day.
The pass does not become active until your first museum or site visit when you write your start date. After that, the days covered are consecutive.
Do not write your start date until you are certain you will use the pass that day and be careful to use the usual European date style as indicated on the card: Several sites have "choke points" that restrict the number of visitors that can flow through.
To avoid queues, you should start your day by arriving at one of these sites at least 30 minutes before opening time.
Otherwise, expect a wait of at least an hour. Most museums and galleries are closed on either Monday or Tuesday.
The Louvre museum is closed on Tuesdays while the Orsay museum is closed on Mondays. Be sure to check museum closing dates to avoid disappointment.
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